As a result of the worsening food crisis in Ethiopia caused by a severe drought related to El Nino, the Government of Ethiopia announced Monday that a staggering 10.1 million people will face critical food shortages in 2016, including more than 5.75 million children.
An estimated 400,000 children are now also at risk of developing severe acute malnutrition in 2016, which can lead to stunting, and physical and mental delays in development.
“The worst drought in Ethiopia for 50 years is happening right now, with the overall emergency response estimated to cost $1.4bn, so the world leaders meeting at the Paris climate talks this week must take the opportunity to wake up and act before it’s too late,” warns John Graham, Save the Children’s country director in Ethiopia.
“Months before the devastating drought and subsequent food crisis of 2011 hit the poorest and most vulnerable communities in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya, the world clearly saw the disaster approaching but did not prevent it – tragically, history is set to repeat itself in 2016 unless the international community acts right now.
“According to recent reports combining UN data on the cost of providing life-saving support with evidence on the economic impact of drought, an early response could save an estimated $8 million per day. Money isn’t wasted by investing early, in fact it helps to ensure investments in resilience and risk reduction are maintained. We simply cannot sit back and wait until the situation has reached crisis point this time,” he adds.
The Ethiopian government has already committed $192 million to help combat the crisis as part of a huge national effort mobilized to mitigate the impact of the relentless drought, but more help is needed from donors and the international community to support the government to stop the situation from deteriorating further.
Drawing on a joint-agency report from 2012, A Dangerous Delay, Graham reiterates that, in the long term, the answers lie within developing countries themselves, including supporting local food production and markets, protecting the poorest and most vulnerable, making food affordable, and ensuring a strong national response to impending crises.
Save the Children says it is working in over 70% of the worst-affected districts in Ethiopia, providing food, water, medicine and crucial support to families who have lost their incomes.
In the picture above: Yesriba, 28, with her son Seid, two, who is recovering from severe-acute malnutrition, in Sewena, Bale Zone. Weak from poor nutrition, the child was diagnosed and treated for pneumonia. Credit: Kyle Degraw / Save the Children